Epoxy Tombstone and Stone Repairs

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Tombstone Repairs with Epoxy

Epoxy Selection for Tombstone and Stone Repairs

Epoxy.com Product #703 to Repair Stone Structures


Problems with Tombstone Repair

A technician who uses a non-Epoxy.com product to repair tombstones contacted us recently looking for help with problems that he was having. He went on to say that the epoxy that he uses never fails, but rather the stone fails. When a secondary break occurs, the stone always re-breaks about 2 mm (about ¾ inch) above or below the epoxy joint. The epoxy attached to about 2 mm of the stone and holds well.

He asked if the epoxy shrinks so much that it will ‘ pull away ‘ from the stone it’s attached to, and in his case, it pulls about 2mm of stone with it.

No I doubt it is epoxy shrinkage causing the problem. High quality epoxy has virtually no shrinkage. It would have to be a very poor quality epoxy to be shrinking enough to do that.

Epoxy Stone Repair.  What went wrong?

The reason his product is not working is that it is too rigid. His existing rigid material has a “high modulus of elasticity”. A material with “high modulus of elasticity” is a material that is stiff and/or rigid. A “low modulus of elasticity” material is semi-flexible, and is not rigid or brittle.

Differential Timing of Thermal Coefficient Event

Smaller pieces of the stone structure (in this case a tombstone) and pieces not in touch with the ground tend to get hotter and cooler faster than the larger pieces and pieces with ground contact. This is called “differential timing of the event”. For example the top of a tombstone can be heated and cooled on 5 sides, the top and the 4 sides. The base of the tombstone which is buried in the ground has earth or stone on all of its surfaces. This earth and stone tends to keep the temperature of the base more stable by insulating it and slowing the change in temperature. This works much like the insulation in your house slows temperature changes inside your house.

Thermal Coefficient

When an object like a piece of stone is heated it expands (gets bigger). When an object cools it contracts (gets smaller). For example 100 feet of concrete will be 1 inch longer once it is heated 100 degrees F. That is why expansion joints are cut into concrete.

In the case of tombstones all the pieces of the same type of stone have very similar if not identical “coefficient of expansion”. Since the pieces are positioned with potentially different timing of heating and cooling there is a “differential timing of the event” (see above). The result is stress areas you are seeing in the closest weakened plane in the stone near the bond line.

Selecting the Right Epoxy for Stone Repair

Epoxy.com Product #703 Clear – www.epoxy.com/703.aspx was specifically designed for tombstone (monuments) and/or stone bonding, or repair. Epoxy.com Product #703 is very strong yet it is has a “low modulus of elasticity” (semi-flexible). The low-modulus of elasticity helps to absorb differential movement (two sections of stone heating and cooling at different times), making it much less likely to cause a stress area in adjacent weakened planes.

Epoxy.com Product #703 – www.epoxy.com/703.htm is made in clear (translucent white, like petroleum jelly) so it makes it easy to camouflage the #703 at the bond line. This is done by rubbing stone dust(ground off the original stone or a similar colored stone) into any exposed epoxy material while the epoxy is still “wet”. That way the dust will stick in the wet epoxy making the epoxy difficult to impossible to see.

Please send your additional question and technical Epoxy.com technical support articles ideas to norm@epoxy.com.

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Proper mixing and installation is critical to the optimal success of all product.  See Installation Tips, Techdata, & MSDS for more details on our products.  Be sure to contact us with any questions and/or concerns that you have.

For more information please contact:

Epoxy.com
A Division of Epoxy Systems, Inc
20774 W. Pennsylvania Ave.
Dunnellon, Florida 34431
Hundreds of Systems,
Since 1980 - Over 33 years
Florida & Vermont
USA


Customer and Technical Support Hours: 9AM-4PM Eastern Time (6AM-1PM Pacific Time).
Closed 12 Noon-1PM Eastern Time for Lunch

321-206-1833  Customer Service - Ordering and Order Status
                         Katey Fontaine, VP - Customer Service Director
                         sales@epoxy.com

                        Technical Support
352-533-2167  Norm Lambert, President - Technical Support Director 
                         info@epoxy.com

352-489-1666  Accounting and Administration
                         Debby Lambert, CEO, and CFO
                         office@epoxy.com

352-489-1625   Fax line to all Departments

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